2006-2007 Committee:

Editor-in-Chief Catherine Kelly
Publisher Susan Harris-Hümmert
Treasurer Natalie Lundsteen
Cover Design

Hana Ross

Editors Anuradhika Devi,
Evan Mayo-Wilson,
Randall Owen,
Vicki Stronge,
Paul Taylor,
Joseph Trombello,
Anna Zimdars


SCR Advisory Board:

Dr.Elizabeth Frazer Fellow and Tutor in Politics
David Palfreyman College Bursar and Director of the Oxford Centre for Higher Education Policy
Professor George Ratcliffe Fellow and Tutor in Biochemistry
Dr. David Parrott Fellow and Tutor in Modern History
Dr. Alan Renwick Junior Research Fellow in Politics


Articles:

Natalie Lundsteen Why You Need Networking
Paul Taylor Gamma-Ray Astronomy: A Bright Future
Laurence Carroll Developing New Imaging Molecules for Cancer Diagnosis
Rohan Loveland The Surveillance Society and Feasible Enabling Technology: A Cautionary Note.
   
James Morrissey Local livelihoods at risk: The construction and operation of Mphanda Nkuwa Hydroelectric Dam in Tete, Mozambique
Randall Owen Designing Proteins: Modeling a Serine Protease Triad into a Computationally-Designed Protein Fold
Joanne Stevens From Violence to Restorative Justice: A New Approach to Confronting the Psychology of Oppression?
Susan Harris-Hümmert Evaluators of Higher Education in Germany: Are they “fit for purpose”?
Daniel Thomas The vicissitudes of Henri IV’s historiographical reputation
Anu Devi Nutritional Quality of Vending Machine Consumables in Oxfordshire



Local livelihoods at risk: The construction and operation of Mphanda Nkuwa Hydroelectric Dam in Tete, Mozambique
James Morrissey

This paper attempts to integrate participatory livelihood assessment methodologies into a risk framework as a first step towards operationalizing the rights and risks approach to large dam construction. The paper explores the risks associated with the construction and operation of the proposed Mphanda Nkuwa Hydroelectric Dam, in Mozambique using the conceptual Livelihoods Framework to understand impoverishment - which is viewed in terms of sustainability. Case studies are used as a means to showcase the conceptual benefits of integrating participatory methodologies into the risk framework with support literature being used to comment more generally about the risk(s) for individuals living further downstream and in the delta. The paper explores the winners and losers in the dam’s construction and contextualises a rights approach in the notion of just and equitable development.

Designing Proteins: Modeling a Serine Protease Triad into a Computationally-Designed Protein Fold
Randall Owen

A computer modeling process is used to study whether a computationally-engineered protein fold can act as a scaffold for a new or existing functional site. An Asp-His-Ser catalytic triad, derived from the trypsin family of serine proteases, is modeled into the Top7 structure. Since the Asp-His-Ser triad forms the functional site of every serine protease and is highly conserved across all members of the trypsin family, it is an ideal candidate for engineering into a non-protease scaffold. A key issue is whether the computationally-engineered fold will remain stable in the presence of multiple residue mutations for which it was not designed. Success might lead not only to new and useful therapeutics, but might also provide insights into the catalytic mechanisms and chemical specificities of functional sites.

From Violence to Restorative Justice: A New Approach to Confronting the Psychology of Oppression?
Joanne Stevens

How can situations of prolonged violent subjugation–such as violence against women, or the violence of colonisation–be best overcome? Should force be met with force, or is reconciliation possible? Can healing take place?
This paper will begin by summarising the arguments of Franz Fanon, a militant French intellectual who wrote on the power of retaliatory violence to cleanse individuals and societies of the effects of colonial domination. It will go on to contrast Fanon’s arguments with a new non-violent paradigm of restorative justice. By analysing the use of restorative violence in response to two examples of prolonged violent oppression, namely violence against women and apartheid, it will seek to establish whether this could be a viable alternative means to bring about cleansing, healing and reconciliation.

Evaluators of Higher Education in Germany: Are they “fit for purpose”?
Susan Harris-Hümmert

Although there is much literature on evaluation theory and practice, little has been written about those commissioned to undertake the investigative task. Universities assume that the experts doing the audit, or evaluation as this is termed in Germany, are competent in what they do. However, the question remains as to whether this is the case. This seem, therefore, an important area to investigate, especially if we consider that results gained from empirical research can be indicators useful to a wider international audience interested in how universities and institutions of higher education are examined and assessed. Although universities in the UK, for example, are audited through the QAA (Quality Assurance Agency) and RAE (Research Assessment Exercise), the auditors are not subject to control mechanisms, although they do undergo training beforehand. This paper discusses some of the mechanisms at work within a body of experts, as knowledge gained from this could be used to reveal areas of the evaluation process that could be improved, within the German context or elsewhere. It locates evaluations within the present state of higher education in Germany and examines the work of one particular evaluation agency, the evalag agency in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, as a means of revealing the kinds of problem that can occur and ways in which these could be alleviated.

The vicissitudes of Henri IV’s historiographical reputation
Daniel Thomas

Henri IV is a king who is, perhaps, little known outside of France. Yet to successive generations of historians, and in French collective memory, Henri has often been portrayed as a legendary figure. Indeed, in a trend which, in some quarters, continues to this day, he was le grand roi of French history. However, Henri’s biographers have varied wildly in the justifications they has given for their praise. In the four hundred years since his death, Henri has become an exceedingly protean figure, portrayed equally as a Catholic crusader, an enlightened absolutist, a liberal republican, a debauched lothario, and even an authoritarian nationalist. This paper gives an overview of the differing historical perceptions of Henri through the ages, exemplifying how humanity’s view of the past is a process which continually evolves, and how history can be moulded, and manipulated, to justify contemporary political beliefs.

Nutritional Quality of Vending Machine Consumables in Oxfordshire
Anu Devi

Vending machines are a common source of food and drink to schoolchildren. However, very few published papers focus on vended food and health. This study assessed the provision of vending machines in secondary schools in Oxfordshire and examined the nutritional quality of vended consumables using two separate nutritional models. This paper highlights that a vast majority of foods and drinks available through vending machines to school children are less healthy – high in fat, saturates, total sugar and salt.